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History

The history of Europe is found in many remnants here,from cave walls covered with paintings to remains of Neanderthal man, such as the Tautavel man; from the remnants of the great Greek and the Roman Empire(both of these empires have attributed to the culture and heritage of this magnificent country) to the legends and famous people likeAlexander the Great, the conqueror, Carthaginian general Hannibal ,who crossed the Alps, the conquests of Julius Caesar,theTrojan war,were originated from this place.

The Emperor Charlemagne is known as the ‘Father of Europe’, as he was first one to draft the outline of Western Europe. Trade enjoyed a golden age during this time.

The 16th and 17th centuries were marked by religious wars led by Louis XIV leading the rival countries to expand overseas. Colonial empires started to appear, first in America and later in India.

TheFrench Revolutionand the development of new concepts, such as democracy and campaigns led by Napoleon I, tore Europe apart.

After World War One, the map of Europe was greatly modified by several peace treaties: Germany and Russia lost their territories, the Austro-Hungarian Empire became new countries.Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, the Baltic States and Finland became independent countries.

After the fall of the Berlin Wall 1989, Germany was reunified. But Yugoslaviawas divided into several States: Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Bosnia.