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Heritage and Archeological Centers

Uttara Kannada - Heritage and Archeological centers

Hampi 

Hampi, a world heritage site, is famous for its ruins belonging to the Vijaynagar empire. The temples of Hampi with monolithic sculptures and monuments are very attractive.

Hampi is 353 km from Bangalore, and 13 km from Hospet. Tungabhadra river flows through Hampi.

Time to visit

The best time to visit Hampi is from October to March.

History

Various Buddhist sites belonging to 1st century AD have been discovered. Hampi was the capital of the Vijaynagar Empire. Harihar and Bukka founded Hampi in 1336. Hampi was an important center of trade during the regime of Krishandevaraya. With the death of Krishnadevaraya, Hampi that was so very well protected fell to a combined attack of Muslim kingdoms. Bidar, Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar and Berar kingdoms destroyed the grandeur of the empire that flourished under Krishnadevaraya in 1565.

Attractions

Hampi can be divided into two broad areas: the Hampi Bazaar area and the Royal center near Kamalapuram. The 15th-century Virupaksha Temple, Hemakuta Hill, a monolithic sculpture of Lord Narasimha, World Heritage Vittal temple of the 16th century are in the Hampi Bazaar. The carvings in the Vittal temple reveal the architectural splendor of the Vijaynagar Empire. The outer pillars of this temple are said to produce music when tapped. They are also known as the musical pillars. Sule Bazaar, Achutraya temple, monolithic statue of Lord Ganesh, Nandi, the Kodandarama temple and the Krishna temple are other places to visit in the Hampi Bazaar area.

At the royal center, the Lotus Mahal is an intricately designed area within a walled compound called Zenana enclosure. This palace is a blend of Indo-Islamic architecture. Elephant quarter, the Queen's Bath, underground Virupaksha temple are other important places at the royal center. The Archeological Museum at Kamalapuram has a good collection of sculptures belonging to the Vijaynagar Empire.

Festivals

Purandara Festival is held in January-February in the Vittal temple to celebrate the birth anniversary of the medieval poet-composer, Purandar.

How to reach

Rail - Hampi does not have a Railway station. The nearest railhead is at Hospet, which is 13 km from Hampi.

Road - The main bus station in Hampi is located in the Hampi Bazaar area.

Bijapur

A land of medieval monuments rich in Islamic architecture, Bijapur once flourished under the Adil Shahi rulers. Today, the magnificent Gol Gumbaz is the main attraction of this city. It is the largest dome in India and the second largest in the world.

 Tourists are attracted to this city by the various monuments built by the Adil Shahi rulers, who ruled Bijapur between 15th and 17th century.

Location and climate

Bijapur is 613 km from Bangalore city. The climate is temperate. The best time to visit Bijapur is during winter.

History

Bijapur was ruled by the Chalukyan rulers in 10th and 11th centuries. Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, captured it and made it a part of his empire at the end of the 13th century. The golden period of Bijapur began in 1489 when Yusuf Adil Shah, one of the nobles under the Bahamani rulers, laid the foundation of the Adil Shahi dynasty and made Bijapur the capital. The Adil Shahis ruled Bijapur until 1686, when Aurangzeb defeated them.

Attractions

The main places to visit within Bijapur are its monuments, which belong to the reign of the Adil Shahi dynasty. The imposing Gol Gumbaz or the Round Dome is the main attraction of this city. Mohammad Adil Shah built it in 1659. This structure has the largest dome, unsupported by pillars, to be found in India and the second largest in the world. It houses the tomb of Mohammad Adil Shah. There is an archeological museum and well-maintained gardens near the Gol Gumbaz. Ibrahim Roza, a beautiful tomb built by Adil Shah II for his queen, the fort with most palaces in ruins, Gagan Mahal , Sat Manzil, Jala Manzil (water pavilion) and the Bara Kaman (twelve arches) are important spots near the citadel. Jama Masjid, the mosque built by Ali Adil Shah I, is an important place to visit

How to reach

Rail: Bijapur railway station.

Road: Bijapur is well connected through a network of roads. There are buses from Badami, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Bidar, Hubli, and Sholapur.