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Fact Sheet

Geography

Singapore is made up of not just one island but a main island with 63 surrounding islets. The main island has a total land area of 682 square km.

It is linked to Malaysia by two causeway bridges, and the key islands of the Riau Archipelago of Indonesia are just a quick ferry trip away. Thailand and the Philippines are a short plane journey away.

Singapore is a major supplier of electronic components and a leader in shipbuilding and repairing. It is an important financial center of Asia with more than 130 banks.

There are four official languages in Singapore: Malay, Mandarin, Tamil and English. English is the language of business and administration.

Climate

Singapore has a tropical climate. It is warm and humid through the year. The average temperatures vary between 31 degrees Celsius and 23 degrees Celsius. This temperature is ideal for sunbathing, swimming, sailing and other water sports.

Monsoon season is from November to January. Showers are usually sudden and heavy.

One can visit Singapore all through the year. In January, the entire Chinese population of Singapore celebrates the Chinese New Year on a grand scale.  During this peak tourist season, the Chinese will greet the tourists with bouquets and oranges and there will be street parades known popularly as Chingay. The next peak tourist season is in November, when the Indians celebrate Deepavali.

Also in November tourists visit Singapore, when Malay Muslims celebrate Hari Raya Puasa to mark the end of their fasting season in Singapore.  An active night bazaar will be opened at Joo Chiat Road. Another best time to visit Singapore is during September when Chinese celebration with Lantern Festival takes place. In June, the famous Art festival is conducted with music troupes performing in the Esplanade Theater. Christmas is yet another peak season to visit Singapore.

How to reach

Most airlines fly into Singapore's Changi International Airport.

Singapore is the southern terminus of Malaysia's rail system, and three trains go to Kuala Lumpur each day. If you're going to or coming from Malaysia, you have several options, ranging from comfortable buses to taxis.