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Fact Sheet

GEOGRAPHY

The kingdom of Thailand lies in the heart of Southeast Asia, making it a natural gateway to Indochina, Myanmar and Southern China. Thailand is bordered to the north by Laos and Burma, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and Burma.

The capital and largest city of Thailand is Bangkok. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, or King Rama IX, the ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty, the present king.

There are 26 provinces that make up Central and Eastern Thailand, and Bangkok is one of them. The others are Ang Thong, Bangkok, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chanthaburi, Chon Buri, Kanchanaburi, Lop Buri, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Phetchaburi, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Sa Kaeo, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Saraburi, Sing Buri, Suphan Buri and Trat.

Climate

As far as Thailand is concerned, there are no absolute extremes. Rainy season from July to October is not good to visit. The rain in this season just bursts out and then cools things down after it has gone.

The weather in Thailand is reasonable most times of year. November through February is the coolest months of the year.

How to reach

Air: Bangkok is Thailand's major gateway. Most visitors arrive through Bangkok's Don Muang International Airport, which is connected by daily flights to Europe, North America, Asia and Australia. Other international flights from Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong land at the southern airports of Phuket, Hat Yai and Chiang Mai in the north.

Rail: Regular rail services link Singapore and Bangkok.

Road: Entrance to Thailand is restricted to three road crossings on the Thai-Malaysian border in Songkhla, Yala, and Narathiwat.

Sea: There are no regular steamship connections with Thailand. Cargo ships calling at Bangkok's Klong Toey port sometimes have passenger cabin facilities. Cruise ships also periodically visit Pattaya.